Archive for the ‘Electronics’ Category

Our launch last fall proved that the Hackerboat hardware was working fine (other than the GPS) but that the software needed a complete rewrite. We've been working on that for the last few minutes. Debugging is a bit on the slow side, but we anticipate being ready to get back in the water in the next couple of weeks. We will be at both MakerFaire Bay Area and Toorcamp with the Hackerboat in tow. This weekend, we're going to put some paint on the boat to it looks a bit better in preparation for the next launch and for public show. There will be pictures! But let's talk about the systems in preparation to talk about the software.

The current electronics configuration of the Hackerboat has a bit of a Rube Goldberg quality. The underlying intent is to build a system out of relatively small modules that can be added to without major hardware surgery. Here's a schematic diagram of the various bits and pieces. Dark red is power and power control, green is computers, yellow is propulsion, orange is communication, blue is sensors, and purple is non-propulsion actuators.

Hackerboat-Systems-Diagram

The first thing to notice is that we have two on-board computers -- a Beaglebone and an Arduino. The intent is that the the Arduino will handle all of the low-level real time functions while the Beaglebone handles all of the higher-level navigation, obstacle avoidance, and mission functions. Among other things, the relatively more power hungry Beaglebone can be put into a low-power sleep mode for extended periods, especially while in the open ocean. On the flip side, we can use the Linux environment and fast processor on the Beaglebone to support all manner of cool navigational modes and mission applications.

The communications is likewise a layer cake. Our ship to shore radio is a Ubiquiti 900 MHz Ethernet bridge. The shore side radio has a directional antenna built in to the radio and the ship side uses an external antenna on the mast. For internal data on the boat, we use a standard WiFi router. This means we don't have to futz with waterproof Ethernet cabling (expensive and troublesome)... and we can add new equipment to the boat for the cost of a WiFi interface.

Right now, the sensor fitout is very basic. We have an IMU/magnetometer combo for heading, a GPS for position, and start/stop buttons on the outside of the boat. We're planning to add cameras next, and of course we have the option to mount any sort of instruments we like for mission requirements later.

Next update will be painting, and after that I will get into our software architecture.

The Arachnio is something I've been working on for a few months, and it's now up on Kickstarter! The subject line is the elevator pitch -- it's the first Arduino Micro variant with onboard WiFi, via the increasingly popular ESP8266. It's pin and software compatible with the existing Arduino Micro, and only slightly larger to accommodate the antenna. Naturally, it's entirely open source (unlike other Arduino variants with on-board WiFi, such as the Yun).

kickstarter-logo-dark

 

The Arachnio

The Arachnio

Putting WiFi together with the Arduino, especially in a small, low power package, is a really natural fit. For example, every Arduino-powered robotics or LED project is made immensely cooler by having the capability to control it from your smartphone baked right in.

Since the Arachnio is small and low power, it also makes a great brain for a remote sensor. The fact that it's an Arduino variant makes the programming simple and the wealth of on-board peripherals make it straightforward to connect most common sensors. WiFi lets your remote sensor connect to your phone or tap into the Internet to get the data back to you.

Including both the ESP8266 and the 32u4 on a single board provides a much more useful package than either one alone. The capabilities of the ESP8266 and the 32u4 complement each other nicely. Here are some of the advantages of the Arachnio over an ESP8266 module alone:

  • More GPIO -- The Arachnio has more than twice as many GPIO pins available as any ESP8266 module.
  • More ADC -- The Arachnio has twelve usable analog to digital channels versus a single channel for an ESP8266.
  • Hardware PWM
  • Dedicated hardware I2C and SPI interfaces
  • Full Arduino library compatibility 
  • Native USB -- The Arachnio's ATmega32u4 provides a full speed hardware USB interface. The Arduino environment provides libraries that make the USB function as a serial port, a mouse, or a USB keyboard.
  • Breadboard compatible -- The Arachnio's headers are on 0.1" centers and narrow enough to fit into standard breadboards with room to plug jumpers in on both sides.

And of course the ESP8266 provides WiFi and, for more advanced users, a more powerful processor to use for more computationally intensive tasks.

All of the vital statistics can be found on the Arachnio product page.

I decided I also needed a couple of expansion boards available immediately in order to really make it sing. The first is of course a prototyping board, the ArachnoProto.

ArachnoProto with Arachnio and supports

ArachnoProto with Arachnio and supports

The ArachnoProto is designed to fill the same role as an Arduino protoshield. It has two large prototyping areas, a programming header,  mounting holes for 3mm screws, two LEDs and a pair of push buttons.

You can tell this is a prototype because the board house managed to mess up my logo on the board.

There's also another less obvious feature here, which is that this board has been assembled with bottom-entry headers on the underside. The upshot of this is that the assembled Arachnio + ArachnoProto is much thinner than with conventional headers. These headers are included with every ArachoProto.

The Arachnode is designed to give users a way to quickly build flexible and independent sensor and network nodes. It has a solar battery charger, a real time clock, a microSD card slot, and an optional crypto module.

I just got a new release candidate board which has some tweaks arising from the testing we've been doing, mostly to improve fit and clearances. This is the first one that's really feature complete, since I've been focusing on the Arachnio rather than the Arachnode for most of my development. I haven't had time to assemble the new ones, but here's the bare PCB:

Arachnode bare board

Arachnode bare board

One of the things I've enjoyed doing that I wish more Kickstarter creators would do is post Instructables for the Arachnio. I've only got two of them up so far, but they address questions that people have asked me about using the Arachnio.

Please don't forget to back the Arachnio on Kickstarter so we can make it a reality!

Update:

Thanks to gorgeous weather here in Seattle yesterday, I was able to get some great pictures of the ArachnoProto and Arachnode prototypes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

According to the USB Battery Charging Specification, a device plugging into a USB port to charge may find itself connected to a source that is capable of data transfer as well as power, or it may be connected to a source that provides power only. If the source supports data, the device is expected to do a trickle charge only, but if the source does not support data, the device may draw more current because the source is likely to be a wall socket. (More detail on Wikipedia.)

So those of us who use USB car chargers with our Android phones really want the phones to charge as fast as possible. Unfortunately, most car chargers do not short the data pins together, which is the spec-compliant way to indicate that the power source does not support data. It would seem that this gets past manufacturers' QA because the iFail devices apparently ignore the spec and draw as much current as they want, regardless of the state of the data pins. This leaves Android users stuck with trickle charge off their car chargers, unless they go out and buy a specialized charge-only USB cable which shorts the data pins.

For those of us who want a car charger that supplies 1+ amps without needing a special cable, the Mediabridge dual port high output charger is easy to take apart and add solder to short the pins, and this post shows how to do it. I wrote this up because I've done it at least 3 times so far and I always forget the fastest way to put it back together. I am indebted to this review of the charger model in question.

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Ethernet Switches For Sale

Posted by lklafleur on 16 July 2011

Lots of ethernet switches!!! Used for things like gaming parties, so 50 of your closest friends can come over and play WoW. Or Quake. Maybe some StarCraft. You know, bring your tower and CRT. Perhaps your basement gold mining operation. Also for dorms, boarding houses, sweatshops, 419 scams, and other places where a multitude of unwashed masses are kept. Which is different than your aforementioned LAN party. Can buy as a set (if you have lots of friends) or as individual units (if you.. well.. don't).

Contact HBL.stuff@gmail if you're interested!

Example Switch

Specs:
12 x HP ProCurve Switch 4000M boxes each w/ one switch engine module with varying number of 10/100 ethernet modules and gigabit fiber modules.
Ethernet modules are 10/100 Base-T Module and come with 8 ethernet ports

6 ethernet modules + 1 "100Base-FX Module" ($55)
8 ethernet modules (0 fiber) ($70)
10 ethernet module (fan is missing) ($80)
5 ethernet modules + 1 "100Base-FX Module" ($50)
6 ethernet modules + 2 "100Base-FX Module" ($60)
1 ethernet modules + 1 "100Base-FX Module"+ 1 unidentified fiber module ($30)
1 ethernet modules + 1 "Gigabit-SX Module" ($30)
1 ethernet modules (no faceplates) ($20)

2 x 9 ethernet module + 1 "Gigabit-SX Module" ($80)
2 x 4 ethernet module + 1 "Gigabit-SX Module" ($40)

we have a box of HP ProCurve Switch 4000M switch engine modules (one free with each purchase)

Fisheye Switch

we also have:
1 x HP ProCurve Switch 1600M
with a "1000Base-FX Module" and 16 x 10/100 ethernet ports
($30)

1 x HP ProCurve Switch 1600M
with 16 x 10/100 ethernet ports
($20)

and
1 x hp procurve switch 2512
12 Ethernet ports + holes for transceiver ports (nothing there)
($20)

and
1 x Cisco Systems Catalyst 5509 rack containing:
1 x WS-X5530
1 x WS-X5224, 4 ports of 1000 Base SX gigabit ethernet
6 x WS-X5012A
1 x 10/100 Mbsp ethernet, 12 ports
($50)

Posted in: Electronics  

Mad science garage sale!

Posted by 3ricj on 8 March 2011

Hackerbot Labs of Seattle is having a garage sale!
http://www.hackerbotlabs.com
We are a community of people with a passion for science and a bunch of stuff we need to get rid of.

When? This Saturday, 03/12/11. We open at noon and go until 6pm.
Where? Hackerbot Labs: 4660 East Marginal Way S. We are right next to Arena Sports on the intersection with South Alaska Street.

Some items:
* EEG machine w/ time plotter
* Gorilla suit
* ethernet switches
* microwaves
* rockets
* HV giant capacitors!!!!!
* audio equipment
* data card printer
* ethernet switches
* misc. servers and computers
* microscopes
* wifi equipment
* surgical lights
* extension cords!!
* mouse balls
* weather balloons
* kiln
* mystery box!
* centrifuge
* UPS
* telescopes pelican cases
* diathermy machine
* high voltage power supplies
* tools
* lots of books, technical engineering and other kinds
* a powerful and impressive Hitachi mill. and also deadly.
* AND MUCH MORE!

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